Smart Cities and Adoption of Next-gen Technologies
“Until recently, city authorities viewed smart technologies as essential tools for improving efficiency in the background. Residents' lives are now being injected with technology more directly. Smartphones have become the keys to the city, providing millions of people with real-time information about transit, traffic, health services, safety alerts, and community news. Smart cities are an emerging answer to the dilemma at the heart of converging trends in increasing urbanization and technological advancements: How can we build a world that is ready for the future today?”
Municipal officials are understanding that smart-city policies begin with people, not technology, after a century of experimentation. Installing digital interfaces in the centralized system or simplifying city processes are not the only aspects of "smartness." It's also about making smarter decisions by providing a better quality of life by strategically utilizing technology and data.
What makes a city smarter?
Data and digital technologies are used in smart cities to help residents make better decisions and improve their quality of life. More detailed, real-time data allows organizations to keep track of activities as they happen, analyze how consumption patterns are shifting, and act with quicker, lower-cost solutions.
A smart city is made up of three layers that work together to make it run smoothly. The first is the technological foundation, which consists of a critical mass of smartphones and sensors linked together by elevated communication networks. Application areas make up the second layer. The correct tools are needed to turn raw data into alerts, insight, and action, which is where software companies and application developers come in. Usage by cities, businesses, and the general public is the third layer. Many programs are only successful if they are broadly implemented and successfully shift behavior.
They encourage individuals to take public transportation during off-peak hours, to vary routes, to use less energy and water at different times of day, and to lessen healthcare system stresses by practicing preventative self-care.
Cities can use programs to combat corruption and increase other aspects of public security
While there is no quick remedy for crime, authorities can use data to better allocate precious resources and staff. For example, real-time crime mapping uses statistical analysis to show patterns, whereas predictive policing goes a step further by anticipating crime to prevent instances before they happen. When an event occurs, applications like gunshot detection, smart surveillance, and home security systems can help law enforcement respond more quickly. However, data-driven policing must be implemented in a way that respects civil freedoms and avoids criminalizing certain areas.
Smart-city technologies have the potential to make daily commutes more efficient and less unpleasant
Every workday, tens of millions of people in cities all over the world start and end their days fuming in traffic or cramming onto overcrowded buses and trains. The everyday commute must be improved to improve the quality of life.
Smart technology might save the typical commuter about 15 minutes per day in a dense city with substantial transit. The reduction might be 20 to 30 minutes per day in a booming metropolis with longer commutes.
Cities with broad, well-used transit networks, in general, profit from programs that simplify the rider experience. Riders can alter their itineraries on the fly by using online systems or mobile apps to offer actual information regarding delays. Installing IoT sensors on current infrastructural facilities can assist personnel in identifying and resolving issues before they become failures or disruptions.
Cities have the potential to be catalysts for better health
Cities are important yet underutilized platforms for addressing health because of their sheer density. Recognizing that the role of technology in healthcare is vast and ever-changing, we focus on digital technologies that allow cities to play a role.
In the industrialized world, programs that help avoid, treat, and track chronic diseases like diabetes or cardiovascular disease could make the most effect. Remote patient monitoring systems have the potential to cut the cost of healthcare by more than 4% in high-income cities.
Cities can use data-driven insights to pinpoint demographic groups with high-risk profiles and more precisely focus actions. mHealth programs can deliver life-saving messages regarding vaccinations, cleanliness, safe sex, and antiretroviral therapy regimen adherence.
Smart cities have the potential to create a cleaner, more sustainable future
Environmental pressures increase as urbanization, industrialization, and consumption increase. Building automation technologies, dynamic electricity pricing, and some mobility applications could all work together to reduce emissions by 10 to 15%.
In cities with high household water usage, water consumption monitoring, which combines improved metering with digital feedback messages, can drive people toward conservation and lower consumption by 15%. Spillage from pipes is the most common form of water waste in many parts of the world. The use of sensors and analytics can reduce losses by up to 25%.
Smart cities have the potential to develop a new sort of digital urban commons while also improving social connectivity
City governments may become more responsive if means for two-way contact between the public and local agencies are established. Many city offices are engaged on social media, and some have even created their interactive citizen applications. These outlets provide vehicles for citizens to report problems, gather information, and weigh in on planning issues in addition to providing information. Paris has introduced a collaborative budget, in which anybody can submit project proposals and then vote online on which ones should be funded.
Enablers and Challenges in Technology
A variety of broad ICT trends are underpinning the rising smart city market, allowing major industries such as energy, transportation, and urban planning to leverage new technology to deliver smart solutions to cities and inhabitants. We'll go through a few of these significant themes and their implications for smart cities in the next section.
Communication and networking
The underlying communications infrastructure that enables smart cities to connect infrastructure, devices, and people, as well as gather data and deliver services to a wide range of endpoints, is critical to many of the technological advances related to smart cities. Because of the intricacy of smart city technology and product ecosystems, a comprehensive approach to networking and communications is required, with assistance for a variety of needs ranging from infrastructure monitoring to backbones for digital media businesses, and from household security to countrywide transportation surveillance.
With several important initiatives underway, next-generation networking (5G) is the focus of intensive technological (and business) activity. With increased bandwidth, delivery and reliability assurances, flexibility, energy consumption, and real-time features, 5G intends to fulfill some of the critical future needs of smart cities. 5G is still a work in progress, with much debate over its long-term aims and technologies.
Cloud computing has had a major impact on the development of smart cities, influencing how cities operate and offer value and allowing a wider range of businesses to dominate the market. Cloud computing, which is described as the supply of computing as a service, has provided cities with new options to save costs and improve efficiency. Cities have been hesitant to harness the benefits of public cloud services for essential services due to legal and privacy concerns, although many have employed private cloud services and several have dabbled with public/private or hybrid cloud architecture.
Major Market Highlights:
- Quantela teamed with Cisco and Connexin to accelerate the emergence of smart cities in the United Kingdom. Sheffield's highway system now uses the most up-to-date IoT-based smart city technology available in the UK. This solution is based on the CityOS platform, which combines Cisco Kinetic's best-of-breed capabilities with Quantela's Atlantis smart city technologies.
- Quantela and Cisco have teamed up to offer project funding depending on results. Quantela and Cisco collaborated to create a groundbreaking, market-disrupting project finance approach.
- Sund & Blt cooperated with IBM. Sund & Blt, a company that owns and runs some of the world's largest infrastructure, teamed up with IBM to create an AI-powered IoT solution to assist clients to manage and monitor bridges, tunnels, motorways, and railways. Sund & Blt might use the Maximo for Civil Infrastructure solution to help them run and repair critical public infrastructure more efficiently.
Conclusion: Smart City Technology for a Livable Future
Whether cities have substantial legacy systems or are starting from scratch, smart-city technologies help them get more from their assets. There is a need to engage in physical assets and maintenance is unavoidable, but smart technologies can augment existing capabilities while fundamental components are improved.
Cities used to be bound into capital-intensive, highly long-term plans because of infrastructure spending. They may now respond more flexibly to changing demand by deploying the proper mixture of technical building and smart technologies. If a far-flung neighborhood's population grows rapidly, installing a new subway or bus route, together with the necessary fleet expansion, could take years. A privately owned on-demand minibus service, on the other hand, might be up and running much faster.